Publications

High Stakes Research
(with Margaret E. Raymond)
.
Education Next, 3(3), pp. 48-55. Summer 2003

A False Schools ‘Fix’
. New York Post. 30-Jun-03

Does Public School Competition Affect Teacher Quality?
(with Steven G. Rivkin). In Caroline Minter Hoxby (ed.). The Economics of School Choice, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, pp. 23-47. 2003

Lessons about the Design of State Accountability Systems
(with Margaret E. Raymond). In Paul E. Peterson and Martin R. West (ed.). No Child Left Behind? The Politics and Practice of Accountability, Washington, DC: Brookings, pp. 126-151. 2003

Improving Educational Quality: How Best to Evaluate Our Schools
(with Margaret E. Raymond). In Yolanda Kodrzycki (ed.). Education in the 21st Century: Meeting the Challenges of a Changing World, Boston, MA: Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, pp. 193-224. 2003

Lost Opportunity
Education Next, 3(2), pp. 84-87. Spring 2003

An Enormous Opportunity
Arkansas Democrat-Gazette. 1-Apr-03

End Class-Size Straightjacket
Los Angeles Times, p. M2. 27-Apr-03

The Failure of Input-based Schooling Policies
The Economic Journal, 113, pp. 64-98. Feb-03

Public School Finance and Urban School Policy: General versus Partial Equilibrium Analysis
In William G. Gale and Janet Rothenberg Pack (ed.). Brookings-Wharton Papers on Urban Affairs, Washington, DC: Brookings Institution, pp. 171-176. 2003

Comment [on Krueger and Heckman]
In Benjamin M. Friedman (ed.). Inequality in America: What Role for Human Capital Policies?, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, pp. 252-269. 2003

Inferring Program Effects for Specialized Populations: Does Special Education Raise Achievement for Students with Disabilities
(with John F. Kain and Steven G. Rivkin)
.
Review of Economics and Statistics, 84(4), pp. 584-599. Nov-02

Teacher quality and teacher salaries
Policy Brief, Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research, Stanford University. Nov-02

The Seeds of Growth
Education Next, 2(3), pp. 10-17. Fall 2002

Introduction to the JHR's Special Issue on Designing Incentives to Promote Human Capital
(with James Heckman, Derek Nea). The Journal of Human Resources, 37( 4), Autumn, pp. 693-695. 2002

The Importance of School Quality
In Paul E. Peterson (ed.). Our Schools and Our Future: Are We Still at Risk?, (Stanford, CA: Hoover Institution Press), pp. 141-173. 2002

Teacher Quality
In Lance T. Izumi and Williamson M. Evers (ed.). Teacher Quality, (Stanford: Hoover Institution Press), pp. 1-12. 2002

Comment [on Galiani and Schargrodsky]
Economia, 2(2), Spring 2002, pp. 302-305. Apr-02

Evidence, Politics, and the Class Size Debate
In Lawrence Mishel and Richard Rothstein (ed.) . The Class Size Debate, Washington, DC: Economic Policy Institute, pp. 37-65. 2002

Will Quality of Peers Doom Those Left in the Public Schools?
in Paul T. Hill (ed.)
.
Choice with Equity, pp. 121-140. 2002

Publicly Provided Education
in Alan J. Auerbach and Martin Feldstein (ed.)
.
Handbook of Public Economics (Amsterdam: North-Holland, 2002), pp. 2045-2141. 2002

Sorting out accountability systems
(with Margaret E. Raymond). In Williamson M. Evers, Herbert J. Walberg (Eds.). School Accountability, pp. 75-104. 2002

The Confusing World of Educational Accountability
(with Margaret E. Raymond)
.
National Tax Journal, 54(2), pp. 365-384. June 2001

Black-white Achievement Differences and Governmental Interventions
American Economic Review, 91(2), pp. 24-28. May 2001

Schooling, Inequality, and the Impact of Government
(with Julie A. Somers). In Finis Welch (ed.). The Causes and Consequences of Increasing Inequality, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, pp. 169-199. 2001

Spending on Schools
In Terry Moe (ed.). A Primer on American Education, Stanford, CA: Hoover Institution Press, pp. 69-88. 2001

Deconstructing RAND
Education Matters, 1(1), pp. 65-70. Spring 2001

The Sequel: RAND versus RAND
Education Matters, 1(1), Spring, pp. 68-69. 2001

Efficiency and Equity in Education
NBER Reporter, National Bureau of Economic Research, p. 15-19. 2001

Teacher quality and school reform
(with Steven G. Rivkin). Education Finance Research Consortium, The Teaching Workforce, Symposium Proceedings, Albany: Center for Policy Research, Rockefeller College, University of Albany, pp. 81-99. 2001

Money Alone Will Not Fix Bad Schools
New York Daily News. January 2001

The Truth about Teacher Salaries and Student Achievement
In Williamson M. Evers, Lance T. Izumi, and Pamela A. Riley (ed.). School Reform: The Critical Issues, (Stanford, CA: Hoover Institution Press), pp. 174-175. 2001

Schooling, Labor Force Quality, and the Growth of Nations
(with Dennis D. Kimko)
.
American Economic Review, 90(5), pp. 1184-1208. December 2000

Smaller Classes, Lower Salaries? The Effects of Class Size on Teacher Labor Markets
(with Javier Luque). In Sabrina W.M. Laine and James G. Ward (ed.). Using What We Know: A Review of the Research on Implementing Class-Size Reduction Initiatives for State and Local Policymakers, Oak Brook, Ill.: North Central Regional Educational Laboratory, pp. 35-51. 2000

Further Evidence on the Effects of Catholic Secondary Schooling
in William G. Gale and Janet Rothenberg Pack (ed.). Brookings-Wharton Papers on Urban Affairs, (Washington, DC: Brookings Institution, 2000), pp. 194-197. 2000

The Evidence on Class Size
in Susan E. Mayer and Paul E. Peterson (ed.)
.
Earning and learning: How schools matter, Washington, DC: Brookings Institution, pp. 131-168. 1999

Adjusting for Differences in the Costs of Educational Inputs
in William J. Fowler, Jr. (ed.)
.
Selected Papers in School Finance, 1997-1999, pp. 17-27. 1999

Class Size Reduction: Good Politics, Bad Education Policy
High School Magazine, 6(4), p. 44. January 1999

Budgets, Priorities, and Investment in Human Capital
In Marvin H. Kosters (ed.). Financing College Tuition: Government Policies and Educational Priorities, Washington, DC AEI Press, pp. 8-27. 1999

Improving Student Achievement: Is Reducing Class Size the Answer?
Policy Brief, Progressive Policy Institute. June 1998

Conclusions and Controversies about the Effectiveness of School Resources
FRBNY Economic Policy Review, 4(1), pp. 11-28. March 1998

Understanding the 20th Century Growth in U.S. School Spending
(with Steven G. Rivkin)
.
Journal of Human Resources, 31(1), pp. 34-68. Winter 1997

Outcomes, Incentives, and Beliefs: Reflections on Analysis of the Economics of Schools
Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 19(4), pp. 301-308. Winter 1997

Incentives Are Key to Improved Schools
Forum for Applied Research and Public Policy, 12(3), pp. 62-67. 1997

Are Resources Important?
Journal of Negro Education, 66(3), Summer, pp. 289-303. 1997

Health and Schooling: Evidence and Policy Implications for Developing Countries
(with João Batista Gomes-Neto, Raimundo Hélio Leite, and Roberto Cláudio Frota-Bezzera)
.
Economics of Education Review, 16(3), pp. 271-282. June 1997

Assessing the Effects of School Resources on Student Performance: An Update
Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 19(2), pp. 141-164. Summer 1997